The Cerrado has around 90 thousand species of insects, including a strong representation of the world's tropical species of butterflies (13%), bees (35%) and termites (23%). Insects, birds and some mammals, like bats, are responsible for pollinating many varieties of Cerrado plants including typical arboreal species like the pequi (Caryocar brasiliense), the cerrado locust (Hymenaea stigonocarpa), the dedaleiro (Lafoensia pacari), and the mamonarana (Pseudobombax longiflorum) and several varieties of wild passion flowers.
Typical Cerrado animals include the great anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), the giant armadillo (Priodontes Giganteusso), the Amazon parrot (Amazona xanthops), the South American rhea (Rhea americana), the seriema (Cariama cristata), the cormorant (Mergus octosetaceus), the blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), the Cerrado woodpecker (Colaptes campestris), the shrike-like tanager (Neothraupis fasciata), the black and white-striped lizard (Tupinambis sp.) and other smaller lizard species (Tropidurus sp.).
Official estimates are that one in every five species that are exclusive to the Cerrado, are no longer to be found in protected areas. Of the 472 Brazilian flora species listed as under threat of extinction, 132 (28%) belong to the Cerrado. In the case of Brazilian fauna, of the 627 Brazilian species under threat of extinction, 137 (22%) are natives of the Cerrado. That means that on average one out of four threatened Brazilian species belongs to the Cerrado.