Species | WWF Brasil

Species



João-Bobo (Chresta sphaereocephala) flor típica do cerrado. rel=
In bright colors, the expression of the rich biodiversity of the Cerrado. In the photo, the flower called "joão-bobo" (Chresta sphaereocephala).
© Aldem Bourscheit / WWF-Brasil
The Cerrado is one of the world’s richest savannah formations in terms of living beings, and shelters 5% of all the living species on Earth and one in every ten Brazilian species.
So far 120 species of reptiles, 150 de amphibian species, 1,200 fish species, 837 species of birds and more than 11.6 thousand kinds of plants have been identified in the region. Of those, more than 5 thousand can only be found within the limits of this biome.

The Cerrado has around 90 thousand species of insects, including a strong representation of the world's tropical species of butterflies (13%), bees (35%) and termites (23%). Insects, birds and some mammals, like bats, are responsible  for pollinating many varieties of Cerrado plants including typical arboreal species like the pequi (Caryocar brasiliense), the cerrado locust (Hymenaea stigonocarpa), the dedaleiro (Lafoensia pacari), and the mamonarana (Pseudobombax longiflorum) and several varieties of wild passion flowers.
Other outstanding plant species are the buriti palm (Mauritia flexuosa), the field cashew (Anacardium humile), the canela-de-ema (Vellozia flavicans), the cagaita (Eugenia dysenterica), the sombreiro and the chuveirinho (Paepalanthus sp), mangaba (Hancornia speciosa), sucupira (Pterodon pubescens), the lobeira (Solanum lycocarpum),  angelim (Andira vermifuga), the golden trumpet flower tree (Tabebuia ochracea), the gritadeira (Palicourea rigida), the baru nut tree (Dipteryx alata) and the flor-do-Cerrado (Calliandra dysantha), as well as many other shrubs arboreal species, orchids, grasses and cacti.
 
Typical Cerrado animals include the great anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), the giant armadillo (Priodontes Giganteusso), the Amazon parrot (Amazona xanthops), the South American rhea (Rhea americana), the seriema (Cariama cristata), the cormorant (Mergus octosetaceus), the blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), the Cerrado woodpecker (Colaptes campestris), the shrike-like tanager (Neothraupis fasciata), the black and white-striped lizard  (Tupinambis sp.) and other smaller lizard species (Tropidurus sp.).

Official estimates are that one in every five species that are exclusive to the Cerrado, are no longer to be found in protected areas. Of the 472 Brazilian flora species listed as under threat of extinction, 132 (28%) belong to the Cerrado.  In the case of Brazilian fauna, of the 627 Brazilian species under threat of extinction, 137 (22%) are natives of the Cerrado. That means that on average one out of four threatened Brazilian species belongs to the Cerrado.
Lagarta sobre galho na paisagem do Cerrado 
© Aldem Bourscheit / WWF-Brasil
The Cerrado has around 90 thousand species of insects, including a strong representation of the world's tropical species of butterflies (13%), bees (35%) and termites (23%)
© Aldem Bourscheit / WWF-Brasil
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DOE AGORA