Other outstanding plant species are the buriti palm (Mauritia flexuosa), the field cashew (Anacardium humile), the canela-de-ema (Vellozia flavicans), the cagaita (Eugenia dysenterica), the sombreiro and the chuveirinho (Paepalanthus sp), mangaba (Hancornia speciosa), sucupira (Pterodon pubescens), the lobeira (Solanum lycocarpum), angelim (Andira vermifuga), the golden trumpet flower tree (Tabebuia ochracea), the gritadeira (Palicourea rigida), the baru nut tree (Dipteryx alata) and the flor-do-Cerrado (Calliandra dysantha), as well as many other shrubs arboreal species, orchids, grasses and cacti.
Typical Cerrado animals include the great anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), the giant armadillo (Priodontes Giganteusso), the Amazon parrot (Amazona xanthops), the South American rhea (Rhea americana), the seriema (Cariama cristata), the cormorant (Mergus octosetaceus), the blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), the Cerrado woodpecker (Colaptes campestris), the shrike-like tanager (Neothraupis fasciata), the black and white-striped lizard (Tupinambis sp.) and other smaller lizard species (Tropidurus sp.).
Official estimates are that one in every five species that are exclusive to the Cerrado, are no longer to be found in protected areas. Of the 472 Brazilian flora species listed as under threat of extinction, 132 (28%) belong to the Cerrado. In the case of Brazilian fauna, of the 627 Brazilian species under threat of extinction, 137 (22%) are natives of the Cerrado. That means that on average one out of four threatened Brazilian species belongs to the Cerrado.