People and Nature

Pinturas Rupestres - Parque Nacional Cavernas do Peruaçu rel=
Rock paintings in the Cavernas do Peruaçu National park (Minas Gerais).
© WWF-Brasil/Aldem Bourscheit
The first signs of human presence in the Cerrado date back to 12 thousand years ago. Today there are over 30 million Brazilians inhabiting Cerrado areas, including indigenous, Quilombola and other traditional communities, and inhabitants of small riverside, floodplain and Babassu palm grove settlements.

Around 300 different species of the Cerrado flora are used as a food, medicine or as raw material for handicraft products; especially by these small traditional populations.