Deforestation increased 28% in the Cerrado and 7% in the Amazon in 2022, compared to last year

05 agosto 2022

Cleared area between January and July is the highest in the last four years for the Cerrado and the highest in the last six years in the Amazon

By WWF-Brazil

The Cerrado had 4,091.6 km2 deforested between the beginning of January and the end of July, according to the Deter (System of the National Institute for Space Research). The value represents an increase of 28.2% compared to the first seven months of last year and is the highest accumulated value for the period in the last four years.

Deforestation from the beginning of the year to July 29 was 50% higher than in the same period in 2020, when it reached 2,726.1 km². Since then, the value accumulated in the first seven months of the year has not stopped increasing.

The end of July marks the end of the "Deter year", which runs from August 2021 to July 2022. During this period, deforestation in the Cerrado reached 5,426.4 km², an increase of 11.5% compared to the same period in last year (4,866.6 km²) and 38.3% compared to the previous year (3,921.6 km²).

The Deter-year 2022 had the second worst deforestation rate since the system was launched in the Cerrado and the worst in the last three years. The states that most deforested in the period correspond to Matopiba - a region that is currently considered the main frontier of agricultural expansion in Brazil: Maranhão (1,255.5 km²), Bahia (1,232.0 km²), Tocantins (876.7 km²) and Piauí (691.5 km²). With more than 4,000 km² deforested, Matopiba accounted for three quarters of all the devastation in the biome.

Among the five municipalities that most deforested, four are in Bahia state. Formosa do Rio Preto (BA) leads the ranking with 283 km² of lost native vegetation, 99% of which is in the Rio Preto Environmental Protection Area. The municipality of Bahia has been the champion in the devastation of the Cerrado in recent years.

Between 2020 and 2021, in the Condomínio Delfim alone, which is part of the mega-complex of farms Estrondo, in Formosa do Rio Preto, 247.3 km² were deforested, with authorization from the Inema (Institute for the Environment and Water Resources) - which characterizes deforestation as a state policy in Bahia.

Deforestation in the Amazon

In the Amazon, the accumulation of deforestation alerts in the first seven months of the year was 5,463.2 km². This represents an increase of 7.1% over the same period in 2021. The value is the highest accumulated between January and July in the last six years.

Accumulated deforestation in 2022 was three times higher than that recorded in 2017, when 1,790 km2 were destroyed. Since then, the value has not stopped increasing year after year.

Considering the year Deter, from August 2021 to July 2022, the accumulated deforestation alerts were 8,579.3 km2. Despite representing a reduction of 2.3% compared to the same period of the previous year (8,780 km²), the value remains at the high level of the two previous years - and it is the third worst year since the launch of Deter-B, in 2015 .

The states with the most records of deforestation are Pará (3,070 km²) and Amazonas (2,288.7 km²), accounting for 62.5% of total deforestation in the Legal Amazon. The two municipalities that most deforested are in the state of Amazonas: Lábrea (571 km²) and Apuí (566.4 km²).

The five municipalities that most deforested in the period represent 28.4% of the total cleared forests in the Legal Amazon, with 2,440.2 km² of native vegetation destroyed. The two protected areas with the highest recorded deforestation are in Pará state: the Jamanxim National Forest (87.4 km²) and the Tapajós Environmental Protection Area (85.3 km²).

About WWF-Brazil

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